How to get blurred background while keeping my subject in focus?

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  • Moose
    I was talking with a fellow D5100 owner over on my Facebook page and she was wondering how to get the blurred background effect with the subject in focus. I thought it would be beneficial to share our conversation with all of you...

    Jikaiah's Question: I am shooting a fashion type blog shoot tonight and was hoping you could advise me on the best settings for something like this. I want the model in focus and the rest blurry . Also I have the Nikon SB-28DX.

    Moose's Answer: The key to isolating subjects against blurry backgrounds is to use a lens that's capable of obtaining an aperture between f/1.4 and f/2.8. The 18-55mm kit lens can only go down to f/3.5 when shooting towards the wide end of the lens (18mm) and f/5.6 when shooting towards the long end of the lens (55mm). Since the kit lens can't get down to the optimal aperture range, you'll have to "create" a shallow depth of field. You can do this by zooming in fully to 55mm and creating some space between you, your subject and the background.

    As for settings, shoot in Aperture priority and select the lowest available f-number (using the smaller command dial). Set the ISO to Auto (inside the menu) and enable Single-point AF (press "i" and highlight the AF-Area mode tab on the right of the info panel on the LCD). The single-point AF will allow you to control the focus point, rather than let the D5100 decide. When shooting portraits, I always focus on the eyes.

    In regards to the flash, mount it to your hot-shoe and point it towards the ceiling. This will give you the ability to bounce the flash, giving you more even coverage throughout the studio/room and more natural looking shots indoors.

    Jikaiah's Reply: Could you recommend a good lens to buy for future fashion shoots?

    Moose's Reply: Yep, take a look at the Nikon 35mm f/1.8G. This lens will allow you to obtain an aperture of f/1.8 for capturing buttery smooth backgrounds and super sharp subjects. :)
  • agbenny
    "You'll have to create a shallow depth of field".
    Thanks for the great tip. This really worked for me after few attempts. It's the technique which works well.
  • goosu2002
    I would like to expand on this question a little. I am very much a photography rookie so please forgive me in advance. I am using an AF-S Nikkor 55-200mm lens. I followed the instructions above but wasn't able to set the ISO to Auto. In fact, it wasn't even an option. I couldn't get the low f stop either. What am I doing wrong?
  • szlaszlo07
    Please download the D5100 reference manual:
    http://www.nikonusa.com/pdf/manuals/dslr/D5100RM_EN.pdf

    You will find how to set the ISO sensitivity to AUTO (you can only set to AUTO in P, A, S, M modes) on page 155

    On the 55-200mm lens, the lowest possible f value will be f/5.6 on 200mm and f/4 on 55mm.

    For blurry background, zoom your lens towards the 200mm position and rotate the command dial to f/5.6 (in A mode/Aperture priority). This will create a shallow depth of field. When it is possible, increase the distance between the subject and the background; this will also make the background much more blurry.
  • Kate2000
    I'm having the same problem as @goosu2002 and I've read page 155 of the manual twice. I can't set the ISO sensitivity to auto in A mode. It's simply not an option and the camera tells me it's not an option in the current mode or setting. Advice?
  • Moose
    @Kate2000 - Auto ISO is a bit confusing. You actually have to go into the menu (press the MENU button), locate the ISO Sensitivity Settings option, and turn Auto ISO 'ON'. Once you switch this option to 'ON', Auto ISO is enabled, even if the ISO on your LCD screen says something like 100, 200, 400, etc...

    You can test this by taking a test shot outdoors and indoors. Then play them back on your camera and press the up arrow to see the image details. In looking at the image data, you should see that the ISO varies between your two test shots. This means that the D5100 is indeed selecting the ISO based on the lighting conditions.

    Why Nikon designed the menu's this way, I'll never know. :)
  • Kate2000
    Hi Moose. I went into the menu and located the ISO sensitivities but I can't enable auto ISO. That's when I get the message "this option is not available in the current mode or in the camera's current state".

    I can enable Auto ISO Sensitivity Control but there's another setting for Auto ISO and I can't enable that. I enabled Auto Sensitivity Control. Are these the same (Auto ISO and Auto Sensitivity Control)?

  • Moose
    @Kate2000 - Yes, that's correct. If you go back to the ISO Sensitivity Settings Menu, you'll see 4 options...

    1. ISO Sensitivity
    2. Auto ISO sensitivity control
    3. Maximum sensitivity
    4. Minimum shutter speed

    In order to activate Auto ISO, all you have to do is set option 2 ('Auto ISO sensitivity control') to ON. Once you do, Auto ISO will automatically be enabled regardless of the setting for option 1.

    So for example, lets say your menu looks like this...

    1. ISO Sensitivity - 100
    2. Auto ISO sensitivity control - ON
    3. Maximum sensitivity - 3200
    4. Minimum shutter speed - 1/60

    As long as option 2 is set to ON, then Auto ISO is enabled. Rest assured.

    When you try to access the Auto ISO option in option 1, it will be grayed out and display the error message you described when selected.

    Yes, I agree...it's very confusing. Nikon, I hope you're listening. :)

    Let me know if you've got it sorted out. All the best!
  • Kate2000
    Thanks Moose. I've got it sorted out. Appreciate the explanation.

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